Official Name: Grenada
Dependencies: Carriacou & Petite Martinique
Area: 3 islands, 133 sq. miles total (344 km2 )
Population: 108,132 (UN, 2008.)
Capital: St. George's (estimated population: 3,680) in 2005
Location: 12.07° North 61.40° West
Currency: Eastern Caribbean dollars (XCD)
Major Languages: English (Official), French patois
Major religion: Christianity
Life Expectancy: 67 years (men), 70 years (women) (UN)
GNI per capita: US $4,670 (World Bank, 2007)
Current Labour Force: 40% of population
International dialing code: +1473
Internet domain: .gd
Airport: Maurice Bishop International Airport (MBIA)
Climate: Tropical - avg. temperature of 75ºF (24ºC)
Time zone: EST+ 1; (GMT - 4:00)
Type of State: Constitutional monarchy
Head of State: (Queen Elizabeth II) Dr. Cecile La Grenade
Head of Government: Dr. The Right Hon. Keith Mitchell
Ruling Party: New National Party (NNP)
Elections: Last: February 19, 2013. Next: By 2018
Suffrage: Universal at 18
National Holiday: 7 February (1974, Independence Day)
Constitution: December 19, 1975
Grenada is the national name and official name. The shape of the island country looks like a pomegranate from a distance and the name “Grenada” means pomegranate in Spanish, It is said that such nice name was named by Columbus when he landed in the island first.
The National Flag of Grenada was designed by Anthony C. George of Soubise in the Parish of St. Andrew. Grenada received independence from the United Kingdom on February 7, 1974 and adopted its flag on this day. The flag represents the distillation of a national effort to produce an emblem of a nation that can stand for all time and which incorporates simplicity of form, a pleasing visual quality and, not least, is symbolic of the confidence, hope and aspirations of a courageous people accepting the challenge of nationhood.
The components of the flag have the following significance:
Red: represents the fervour of the people, their courage and vitality - their burning aspiration to be free. The red border is indicative of their dedication to preserve harmony and unity of spirit.
Gold: the colour representative of wisdom also holds significance for Grenadians - a representation of the sun, their islands in the sun, the warmth and friendliness to their people.
Green: symbolises the fertility of the land, the lush vegetation and the island’s agriculture.
The Seven Gold Stars: represents the seven parishes and the hopes and aspirations and ideas upon which the nation was founded.
The Nutmeg: represents the reputation as the Isle of Spice and its traditional link with the economy.
COAT OF ARMS
The Coat-of-Arms represents the distillation of a national effort to produce armorial bearings for an independent Grenada, incorporating important historical and indigenous features of Grenada, Carriacou and Petite Martinique, in a design approved by the College of Arms.
The Coat-of-Arms comprises:the Livery Coat or Colour on a Shield ; Charges or Devices on the Shield; the Helm of special design; the Mantle which covers the Helm; the Wreath to hold the Mantle in place; the Crest; Supporters and the Motto.
The National colours of Red, Gold and Green, which comprise the National Flag, are used on the shield with the same symbolism attached to them.
The ship Santa Maria at the centre point of the shield and Gold Cross represent Grenada’s sighting by Christopher Columbus, and our continuing link with yachting and tourism.
The Gold Cross itself is significant of God consciousness which underlines the national effort.
The Lion is the first quarter of the shield, and repeated in the fourth, symbolises strength, and the unswerving determination to face the challenges of nationhood with courage and resourcefulness.
The Madonna Lily resting between the horns of the Crescent, (inspired by Murillo’s famous painting of the Immaculate Conception) indicates that Grenada has, since its sighting by Columbus, been dedicated to Mary of the Immaculate Conception and in whose honour the island was named Conception Island; the shield itself rests in a valley between two mountains, representing the spectacularly picturesque topography of the islands
The Grand Etang Lake is also represented amid luxuriant green vegetation in the foreground of which is placed a sprig of cocoa, with a ripe pod balanced by a sprig of nutmeg also showing the ripe fruit. Growing from the vegetation on the left side of the shield is a stalk of maize flowering and bearing three ears of ripened cobs and on the right a banana tree bearing a full bunch. The fruits all represent Grenada’s traditional link with an agricultural economy; the cradle of their heritage.
The Helm is a royal helm, a gold helmet facing front and having seven gold bars across the visor, the interior lined purple. A star symbolic of our hopes, aspirations and ideals is placed to the forefront. The crest is made up of seven roses, representative of the seven parishes and set between the two sprays of bougainvillea, the national flower.
The supporters are, on the left, a Tattoo or Armadillo and on the right, the Grenada Dove, representative of the fauna on the islands.
Grenada’s motto, “Ever conscious of God, we aspire, build and advance as one people”, is itself sufficiently eloquent on the subject of those high ideals and principles upon which the nation is founded.
|1498||Christopher Columbus first sighted the island.|
|1650||Island bought by Frenchman (Jacques Dyel Du Parquet) and settlement established.|
|1763||Island ceded to Britain by the Treaty of Paris|
|1783||Island restored to British rule by the Treaty of Versailles; African slaves brought in to work on plantations|
|1833||Grenada became part of the British Windward Islands Administration.|
|1958||West Indies Federation set up|
|1962||Dissolution of the West Indies Federation|
|1967||Grenada granted Associated Statehood with Britain|
|1974||Independence from Britain, February 7th with Eric Gairy as prime minister|
The State of Grenada includes its sister islands of Carriacou and Petite Martinique. The island is 21 miles long by 12 miles wide and encompasses an area of 133 square miles. The State of Grenada lies between Trinidad and Tobago to the south and St. Vincent and the Grenadines to the north in the Eastern Caribbean. It is the southern-most of the Windward Islands. It is 100 miles north of Venezuela, 158 miles south west of Barbados.
Average temperatures range from 75ºF to 85ºF (24ºC to 30ºC), tempered by the steady and cooling trade winds. The lowest temperatures occur between November and February. Due to Grenada’s remarkable landscape, the island also experiences climate changes according to altitude. The driest season is between January and May while the rainy season is from June to December.