Grenada gained independence from Britain in 1974 and is an independent nation within the British Commonwealth. Her Majesty, Queen Elizabeth II is the Head of State and is represented locally by the Governor General, who is appointed on the advice of the Prime Minister. Grenada has a West Minister Style Parliamentary form of Government. The Parliament which exercises legislative power consists of the House of Representatives and the Senate. Executive power lies with the Prime Minister and his Cabinet. General Elections are held every five (5) years.
Grenada is a democratic state which is one of the most politically stable countries in the region. It has a Prime Minister and a cabinet (executive branch), and a bicameral Parliament with an elected House of Representatives and an appointed Senate (legislative branch). The House of Representatives has 15 members, elected for a five year term. The Senate has 13 appointed members (10 the opposition). It is a member of the Eastern Caribbean court system. The Judiciary is independent of the executive and the legislature. Jurisprudence is based on English common law. The Privy Council of the United Kingdom serves as the highest appellate court.
There are two significant political parties, the National democratic Congress and the New National Party, Constitutional safeguards include freedom of speech, press, worship, movement, and association. Citizens enjoy a wide range of civil and political rights which are guaranteed by the constitution.
Grenada - China Relations
Diplomatic relations between the People's Republic of China and Grenada were established on 1 October 1985. Prime Minister Herbert Blaize established diplomatic relations with the Republic of China in 1989, prompting Beijing to sever diplomatic ties to Grenada. This position was later reversed under Prime Minister Keith Mitchell. The relationship with the People's Republic of China and Grenada resumed diplomatic relations on 20 January 2005.
On 2 June, 2013, Chinese President XI Jinping met with Grenada’s Prime Minister Keith Mitchell.
On 25 February, 2015, China and Grenada signed visa exemption agreement at St. George’s, the capital of Grenada, which was carried out in June 2015.
Grenada - England Relations
The diplomatic relations between UK and Grenada was formally established in 1974. After suffering from Hurricane Ivan, England gave aid to Grenada.
Grenada - Canada Relations
The diplomatic relations between Canada and Grenada was formally established on 7 February 1974. Consulate-General of Grenada was set up in Canada. After suffering from Hurricane Ivan, Canada gave aid to Grenada.
Grenada–United States Relations
These nations formally established diplomatic relations on 29 November 1974. The United States and Grenada signed a maritime lawenforcement treaty and a mutual legal assistance treaty and an extradition treaty as well as an over-flight/order-to-land amendment to the maritime law enforcement treaty. The United States continues to provide training, equipment, and materiel, including three vehicles in 2006, to Grenadian security and defense forces.
Grenada - Caribbean Nations Relations
Grenada actively held the view of implementation of economic integration and broader regional cooperation in Caribbean regions, supported windward island integration and constantly strengthened bilateral exchanges and economic and trade contact with neighboring countries.
Grenada has a largely tourism-based, small, open economy. Over the past two decades, the economy has shifted from one of agriculture-dominant into that of services-dominant, with tourism serving as the leading foreign currency earning sector.
The country's principal export crops are the spices nutmeg and mace (Grenada is the world’s second largest producer of nutmeg after Indonesia). Other crops for export include cocoa, citrus fruits, bananas, cloves, and cinnamon. Manufacturing industries in Grenada operate mostly on a small scale, including production of beverages and other foodstuffs, textiles, and the assembly of electronic components for export.
The agricultural sector, particularly nutmeg and cocoa cultivation, has gradually recovered from the hurricanes, and the tourism sector has seen substantial increases in foreign direct investment as the regional share of the tourism market increases.
Nutmeg, Cocoa, Mace, Fresh Fruits & Vegetables, Fish, Flour, Wheat Bran, Clothing, Paints & Varnish, Paper Products, Malt, Animal Feed, Beverages.
Food & Live Animals, Beverages & Tobacco, Crude Material, Fuel & Lubricants, Animal & Vegetable, Oils, Chemicals, Machinery, Transport, Equipment and Manufactured Material.
There are two major economic groups in Grenada:
Grenada Chamber of Industry and Commerce Inc. was established in 1921;
Grenada Co-Operative Nutmeg Association was established in 1947.
CURRENCY: the local currency is the Eastern Caribbean dollar (XCD). Exchange rate with USD is 1 USD = 2.7 XCD (this rate has been maintained for more than 35 years.)